Progress Report on Standardization of ISO/Technical Committee
46, «Information and documentation»
9 «Presentation, identification and description of documents» within
TC 46 is responsible for the standardization of numbering systems, as ISBN, ISSN,
During the last years the following New Work Items on numbering systems
were developed and are now almost finished:
ISO/DIS 15706 International Standard
Audiovisual Number (ISAN)
(Draft International Standard, Voting terminates
An ISAN identifies an audiovisual work throughout its life,
and is intended for implementation and/or use for various purposes such as:
- to assist allocation of royalties among rightholders
- to track use
of audiovisual works and
- for anti-piracy purposes such as verifying title
An ISAN consists of 16 digits, divided into two elements:
the audiovisual work identifier (15 digits) and one (1) check digit.
audiovisual work identifier will be allocated by a regional ISAN agency from the
central register of the ISAN system.
ISO/DIS 15707 International
Standard Work Code (ISWC)
(Draft International Standard,
Voting terminates on 2000-06-07)
The ISWC system was developed by
the member societies of the Confédération internationale de sociétiés
d'auteurs et de compositeurs (CISAC). - International Confederation of Societies
of Authors and Composers.
The ISWC provides an efficient means of uniquely
identifying a musical work to be distinguished from another within computer databases
and related documentation and for the purposes of collecting societies involved
in the administration of rights to such works.
The ISWC is not used to identify
manifestations of or objects related to a music work. Such manifestations and
objects are the subject of separate identification systems such as for
- sound recordings - International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) - ISO 3901
- printed music - International Standard Music Numer (ISMN) - ISO 10957
- audiovisual works - International Standard Audiovisual Number (ISAN)
- ISO 15706
An ISWC consists of a prefix element (1 character), a
work identifier (9 digits) and a (1 ) check digit.
When an ISWC is written
or printed the letters ISWC precede it. For ease of reading only, hyphens and
dots may be used as separators.
The first element of an ISWC for musical
work shall be the letter T which distinguishes the type of intellectual
property being identified as a musical work.
If necessary another alphanumeric
character can be designated in order to expand the numbering capacity and/or indicate
the beginning of a new phase in the assignment of ISWC to musical works.
of ISO 3901: 1986 International Standard Recording Code (ISRC)
Draft International Standard, Voting terminates on 2000-07-24)
revision was proposed by the ISO 3901 Registration Authority (IFPI - International
Federation of the Phonographic Industry) for the following reasons:
expand the coding capacity of the ISRC from its limit of 3,699 recordings per
producer per year which is insufficient for the industry's needs. This expansion
is accomplished by deleting the recording item code element and expanding the
recording code element to 5 digits
- to make the ISRC system easier to administer
and implement by the recording industry, which is the primary user group for this
- to clarify the specifications of some sections of the standard.
An ISRC consists of 12 characters and is alphanumeric, using the
Arabic numerals 0 to 9 and letters of the Roman alphabet. It is divided into four
elements in the following order:
Country code, 2 letters
code, identifies the producer, combination of 3 alphabetic and numeric characters
of reference element, year in which the ISRC was allocated, 2 characters
code, identifies each recording or part of a larger recorded work used as a separate
unit, 5 digits assigned by the producer.
Secretary of ISO/TC 46
Pierre Godefroy reported that
the ISSN network was continuously growing. There were 68 member countries. The
latest member was the Seychelles. The ISSN register contained nearly 1 million
records with an annual addition of 55,000 new records.
In 1999 they started
numbering electronic publications. So far, 5,000 were identified and registered,
and the number was growing.
Traditionally, ISSN International assigned numbers
for non-member countries. At publishers' request they decided to try harder to
make these countries members.
The ISSN network became more involved in the
concept of «continuing» publications. This term was the result of harmonization
activities by the ISBDS community for the cataloguing of serial publications,
AACR and ISSN. A new cataloguing concept was needed for those new electronic objects.
International's major new initiative was the URN project. Due to major changes
in the publishing world the ISSN was needed also to facilitate access to publications
available on the Internet. The URN as a permanent name, assigned to electronic
objects, should be linked to a URL the validity of which would be guaranteed by
a resolution service. The Conference of European National Libraries decided on
adopting a scheme developed by Nordic national libraries in order to cope with
the administration and legal deposit of electronic publications. ISSN International
tested the feasibility, and at the general assembly in Paris this coming May a
new strategic plan for the coming years would be presented.
As Dr. Walravens
added, while the DOI system did not proceed quickly, the URN application made
good progress and the metadata administration was well designed. The URN was basically
free and could be used for all kinds of publications whereas DOI was more expensive
and would be mainly used for commercial items.
asked Mr. Godefroy about assigning ISSNs to databases. He answered that the network
had decided that ISSN could be assigned on an experimental basis but not on a
major scale. The reason was that by trading serial publications on the Internet
these might undergo changes in presentation and look more like databases.